Known for its abundant and rich in natural resources, Philippines has a growing economy in the agricultural sector. It is still an agricultural country despite the government’s plan to make it an industrialized economy, of which an approximate of more than 29 million people are dependent on agriculture. Aside from coconut, pineapple, sugar, banana, coffee, and mango, there is a demand of growing garlic in the market.
To be able to harvest garlic for business there are some factors need to be considered on how to plant garlic in Philippines:
Soil Requirements and Preparations
- Garlic seeds grow in many types of soil conditions but it is best grown in fertile soils that are high in organic matters.
- It is good to start growing garlic with green manure cover crops as part of the normal crop cycle because this results in soil being friable and suitable for production.
- If they are planted in heavy, clay soils, there will be malformation and difficulty when harvesting the bulbs.
- Using a small amount of ground fish bones can also be used as alternative to green manure.
- To provide a loose propagation bed for garlic bulbs, soils should be tilled before planting them.
- Having irregularly shaped bulbs is the result if the soil is not evenly moist.
- There is an optimum soil pH for garlic which is between 6 and 7 only.
- While it can survive in cold temperatures, garlic flourishes well in warm climate like the Philippines.
- Remember this! Climatic conditions suitable for onions are also suitable for garlic.
- The long days and high temperatures help bulb formation especially in growing season.
- Turban and Asiatic varieties grow well in warm climates and mature before other types of garlic.
- In growing season, the garlic seeds are sensitive to moisture stress.
- The soil should not be dried especially during bulbing because it will result in yield reduction.
- If there is enough amount of rainfall, irrigation is a must to provide good harvest.
- Furrow, sprinkler, or drip irrigation can be used to grow garlic successfully.
- To help the roots of newly planted garlic to develop they must be kept moist.
- If there is no drought, it is not necessary to water the plant, instead water sparingly, because garlic does not like to grow in wet soil.
- Moisture determining devices can be used to determine the frequency and the rate of irrigation.
- Morning to mid-afternoon is the preferred time of irrigation, thus, giving sufficient time for the plant leaves to dry before nightfall.
- When garlic is already matured, irrigation must cease to make harvesting easy and reduce potential damage of the plant’s exterior foliage.
Garlic has been becoming a popular agri crop to plant in the garden or farm. Like any other plant, one should know the basics on how to plant garlic in the Philippines and where to purchase from a reliable source. If the seeds or bulbs are purchased healthy at the beginning, it diminishes the possibility of diseases for the garlic plants.
Watch on how to plant garlic seeds in Philippines:
- GUIDE: BANANA FARMING IN THE PHILIPPINES